Lawmakers Continue to Politicize Teaching About Racism
This blog post is written by AACTE consultant Jane West and is intended to provide updated information. The views expressed in this post do not necessarily reflect the views of AACTE.
The Attack on Critical Race Theory Continues
In a Washington Update last month, we offered a distressing summary of how the teaching of our nation’s racial history has been thrown into the heart of the political arena. Unfortunately, the trend is continuing and gaining traction. Last week, Rep. Virginia Foxx (R-NC), the top Republican on the House Education and Labor Committee, announced her support for two bills intended to block the teaching of critical race theory in K-12 schools. This week Republican Sens. Marsha Blackburn (R-TN), Mike Braun (R-IN) and Rick Scott (R-FL) introduced a resolution condemning the use of critical race theory in K-12 schools and teacher preparation programs. “Critical race theory has no place in American schools,” Blackburn said in a statement. “This resolution is an important step to prevent the far left from pushing their radical political agenda in our classrooms.”
On Thursday, the Florida Board of Education approved an amendment that Gov. Ron DeSantis advanced in order to ban teaching certain ideas about race and history. Florida now joins five other states that have passed legislation limiting how teachers can discuss racism and sexism, among other topics.
Dorinda Carter Andrews, professor and chairperson of the Department of Teacher Education at Michigan State University’s College of Education penned a response to the pushback on critical race theory, explaining what it is and why it is under attack. Andrews notes, “Teaching young people how to be antiracist should not be seen as an attack on American values. It’s actually working in support of American ideals like inclusion and valuing diverse perspectives.” Michigan joins the growing list of states that have introduced legislation that would sharply limit classroom discussions on how race and racism have shaped American history.
The adoption of these new state policies has caused legal experts to begin to examine how and if educators may be protected under the First Amendment. The short answer seems to be that educators have both limited protections and limited academic freedom to veer from the curriculum or infuse their own experiences and views into the classroom. It is too early for any of the new legislation to have been challenged in court; however, that day will come. In the meantime, it is clear that the voices of educators need to be heard at the federal, state, and local levels.
The Department of Education Invests in Equity from K-12 through Higher Education
This week the Department of Education announced several steps to advance equity across the nation’s education system, spanning K-12 through higher education. In a statement, Secretary of Education Miguel Cardona noted, “While COVID-19 has worsened many inequities in our schools and communities, we know that even before the pandemic, a high-quality education was out of reach for too many of our nation’s students and families. Our mission at the Department is to safely reopen schools for in-person learning, dramatically increase investments in communities that for too long have been furthest from opportunity and reimagine our schools so that all students have their needs met. We must take bold action together to ensure our nation’s schools are defined not by disparities, but by equity and opportunity for all.”
- The Department released Maintenance of Equity guidanceto implement an important provision of the American Rescue Plan as the nation continues to respond to the impact of COVID-19. These requirements will ensure that school districts and schools serving a large share of students from low-income backgrounds will not experience disproportionate budget cuts—and that the school districts with the highest poverty rates do not receive any decrease in state per-pupil funding below their pre-pandemic levels. In addition, high-poverty schools will also be protected from disproportionate cuts to staff. In a statement, the Department noted, “These provisions are critically important, as schools and school districts serving the greatest shares of students from low-income backgrounds have historically been under-funded and are more reliant on state funding than schools and school districts with lower concentrations of underserved students.”
- Last month, the Department of Education announced more than $36 billion in emergency grants provided under the American Rescue Plan (ARP) Act for postsecondary education. These grants help over 5,000 institutions of higher education, including HBCUs and HSIs, provide emergency financial aid to millions of students and ensure learning continues during the COVID-19 national emergency. To help institutions quickly and effectively utilize the ARP funds to support their students and communities, the Department released new guidance detailing how institutions can use these funds to, among other things, support vulnerable students, monitor and suppress the coronavirus, and reengage students whose education was disrupted by the pandemic.
- The Department released the COVID-19 Handbook Volume 3: Strategies for Safe Operation and Addressing the Impact of COVID-19 on Higher Education Students, Faculty, and Staff. The Handbook provides additional strategies for higher education institutions (IHEs) and communities as they work to reopen for in-person instruction safely and equitably. “Many of our nation’s postsecondary students have experienced the toughest year in their educational careers,” Secretary of Education Miguel Cardona said in a statement released by the Department. “We must deploy every resource to bear to make sure all higher education students can reengage with their school communities, continue their education, and graduate ready to pursue their dreams. With the American Rescue Plan and key resources like Volume 3 of the COVID-19 Handbook, institutions of higher education will be able to not only protect the safety of students, educators, and staff, but also support those students who have been disproportionately impacted by the pandemic.” The Handbook is part of the Administration’s broader effort to provide schools and communities with the resources and support they need to return to in-person learning safely and quickly.
- This week, the Department of Education began five days of public hearings, focusing on how to improve Title IX enforcement. The hearings come following a directive from President Biden to reexamine the controversial regulations put in place under former Secretary of Education Betsy Devos. The former secretary made several notable changes to higher education Title IX practices, such as requiring institutions to allow live hearings and cross-examinations and limiting the scope of off-campus misconduct complaints colleges must act upon to those that occurred in locations used by officially recognized student organizations. As of last Friday, over 700 people had registered to comment for 600 confirmed slots in virtual hearings. The Department had also received 15,000 written comments, which will continue to be accepted throughout the duration of the hearings.